Here is a brief post, to alert professionals in the field to the fact that Facebook Inc has in the Netherlands been registered as an exempt institution out of scope of the payments directive based on the article 3k/3l in the PSD2:

The filing occured in february 2020 but it…


Photo by Yang Jing on Unsplash

Quickly after the announcement of Libra, I, stated that Libra could not be viewed as e-money. Now has come the time to explain my earlier analysis (of June 2019) as to the regulatory qualification of Libra.

Libra is a privately issued and distributed digital and virtual ‘currency’, that is intended…


Status update on AMLD5 Implementation in the Netherlands

The 10th of January, 2020 has long been on the mind of many people working in the Anti-Money Laundering field. It is the date when European Member States should have implemented the 5th EU Anti Money Laundering Directive (AMLD5). …


The European 5th Anti Money Laundering Directive ((EU) 2018/843) explicitly provides for a registration mechanism for crypto-service providers (those who offer fiat-crypto exchange services or provide hosted crypto wallets). …


First of all apologies to many of you: I promised a blog on the reason why Libra would not qualify as e-money, but please accept my rain check for that. Right now, it is the day after constitution day for Libra. …


This week the world has witnessed the announcement by Facebook of Calibra, a digital currency wallet and company. The wallet holds Libra, a virtual currency, with the idea to be used globally. Its distribution and use will be further promoted, organised and executed via an association of partners, called the…


Virtual currencies are on the radar of regulators for quite some time. Yet it is clear that they still struggle with definitions (which always happens when new technologies arise). The FATF is a key example now that they are seeking to harmonise international guidelines for applying FATF-rules to the crypto-world.

Simon Lelieveldt

Dutch banking, payment and digital money / blockchain expert - http://www.simonl.org Also: tours & talks on financial history http://finhist.simonl.org

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